|Carp are various species of oily freshwater fish of the family
Cyprinidae, a very large group of fish native to Europe and Asia.
The cypriniformes (family Cyprinidae) are traditionally grouped with
the Characiformes, Siluriformes and Gymnotiformes to create the superorder
Ostariophysi, since these groups have certain common features, such
as being found predominantly in fresh water and that they possess
Weberian ossicles (an anatomical structure originally made up of
small pieces of bone formed from four or five of the first vertebrae);
the most anterior bony pair is in contact with the extension of the
labyrinth and the posterior with the swimbladder. The function is
poorly understood, but this structure is presumed to take part in
the transmission of vibrations from the swimbladder to the labyrinth
and in the perception of sound, which would explain why the Ostariophysi
have such a great capacity for hearing.
Most cypriniformes have scales and teeth on the inferior pharyngeal
bones which may be modified in relation to the diet. Tribolodon
is the only cyprinid genus which tolerates salt water, although
there are several species which move into brackish water, but
return to fresh water to spawn. All of the other cypriniformes
live in continental waters and have a wide geographical range.
Some consider all cyprinid fishes carp, and
the family Cyprinidae itself is often known as the carp
family. In colloquial use, however,
carp usually refers only to several larger cyprinid species
such as Cyprinus carpio (common carp), Carassius carassius
carp), Ctenopharyngodon idella (grass carp), Hypophthalmichthys
molitrix (silver carp), and Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (bighead
carp). Carp have long been an important food fish to humans,
as well as popular ornamental fishes such as the various
breeds and the domesticated common carp variety known as koi.
As a result, carp have been introduced to various locations,
though with mixed results. Several species of carp are listed
species by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and worldwide
large sums of money are spent on carp control.
Article link - Carp
||Good carp fishing can be found in many different types of water.
Many find rivers to provide some of the most challenging, but rewarding,
fishing. Being that many rivers connect directly with the ocean,
it has been said that perhaps the largest carp in a given river may
reside in the stretch between the beginning of the tidal influence
and where the salinity becomes intolerable to the carp (exactly where
this is located is unknown, but some state water that is roughly
half fresh and half salt is likely the limit). For example, a carp
of 42.03 pounds was caught from the tidal stretch of the lower Connecticut
River in southern Connecticut. This fish was a confirmed, documented
state record. Without the hard work and know-how of a group of local
carp anglers, it has been said that the proper documentation of this
fish would not have occurred.
Bowfishing for carp is a fast growing sport. When properly
used as part of an integrated management plan it may help limit
negative impact of carp. Dr. Sorenson U of Minnesota is completing
the common carp management plan which also will advocate catch
n keep carp sport fishing as part of overall plan to limit
carp. However, it should be know that, while popular, bowfishing
and "euro-style" carp
fishing should not be coupled together due to significant differences
in respect for the fish. Bowhunters kill fish they regard as
nuisances, while carp anglers report to have much respect for
the carp and
treat the fish as gently as possible during the capture, which
results in the fish swimming away from the ordeal alive.
In the US, Texas is the only state with managed carp waters, (Lady
Article link - Carp